Once we talk about education, we cannot avoid two most critical aspects of learning and teaching. We should always take into account emotional and mental attitudes to educational process. Successful education presupposes cognitive improvement of learners against creative background of mental and emotional motivations. Nowadays particular attention is paid to ways of teaching and assessment of knowledge acquisition. It is very good to find and recognize talented students at the earliest stages of educational process and make them to attain their purposes in the very best way. In this context, it is difficult to overvalue the investigations in the areas of memory, motivations, and emotions. No less important is also students’emotional attitude to learning and teaching. Here such factor as college humor plays a significant part.
Principles and values in education
Those teachers who keep to the proper principles and values in education get useful multifaceted support within their professional work, helping them to create practical activity most efficient and adding to enlightenment of their pupils. You can find sciences such as for instance psychology, sociology, and philosophy that produce particular contribution to assisting in logical investigation of behavior and attitudes of the students. The present day education demonstrates the resurgence of interest to these disciplines becoming the inseparable part of all top quality educational programs. Educationalists accumulated significant number of information about learning processes, individual reaction to teaching, and educational prospects.
Educational psychology and mental way of teaching
Numerous mental approaches to teaching presuppose that education must develop such qualities as intellect and correct attitudes to knowledge keeping to everlasting values. The best choice of the proper material clarifies the mind and increases intellectual potential. The learning is grounded on replication and committing to memory. Intellectual potential of the teacher in this instance plays particularly significant part. However, in this manner of teaching also takes into consideration psychological options that come with young students. The mental approach understands the mind as an array of comparatively autonomous abilities a course in miracles free. The principles of this approach value such qualities as reason, feelings, knowledge, duty, sound judgment, perception, and action. School subjects are valued for what they’re worth of and for what abilities they develop.
How nature helps to develop emotional attitude to learning
People are the result of natural development and the teacher must create the best conditions for mental and emotional growth. The student’s personal experience becomes central and educational process should offer the most suitable conditions for the development. In this instance particular attention is paid to action and skills. Teachers want encourage interest to learning with particular reliance upon student’s proper forces and resources, and with particular awareness of impulsive, impromptu creativity.
Reflexes and associations in learning and teaching
Learning how to distinguish objects, terms, symbols, and the language of spanish, as a matter of fact, is the process of forming conditional reflexes. In this instance the learner creates the tools to solve problems. Learning becomes a dynamic process helping to manage with further tasks. Moreover, not only the mental abilities, but additionally the emotions might be developed in this way. It’s possible to experience emotional arousal even yet in broader than original associated circumstances. Experts affirm that college humor could become useful contributing emotional component out of this standpoint. These approaches may also explain positive and negative attitudes of students to learning and educational institutions. Learning also presupposes creating of associations between various constituents. Mental and emotional activity makes some ideas conscious at once sending other thoughts to subconsciousness. New information is connected with old ones forming the foundation for associative thinking. Moreover, old associations may also undergo transformations owing to new experience.
Gestalt psychology and education
Gestalt psychologists affirm that the complete is more compared to the simple amount of the composing elements. The learning presupposes assimilation of those components that seem to be most critical with subsequent reconsideration. This multi-level structural approach can lead to understanding and solution of numerous problems. The Gestalt approach attracts awareness of the notion of the complete, the relations of the composing elements, and modifications of mental structures through adaptation and adjustment.
Developmental stages and power of knowledge
Educationalists explain to the developmental stages of mental and emotional growth. The teacher must detect the learner’s capabilities and offer suitable resources and techniques to develop them. The growth through various intellectual stages along with active experience is essential. Cognitive approach pays particular awareness of the way of thinking in acquiring knowledge. Perception and action go before the capacity to operate with symbols and pave the way for comprehensive thinking. Thinking presupposes the encouragement of intellectual awareness, play with ideas, choosing of suitable suggestions, and substantiation of appropriateness. The incentive to cognitive education may be the direct consequence of the learner’s intellectual aspirations and efforts.